Susan Kare was born in Ithaca, New York in 1954.  For Eazel, she rejoined many from the former Macintosh team and contributed iconography to the Nautilus file manager which the company permanently donated to the public for free use. As the creative designer at Apple, Dr. Kare created typefaces and Icons, along with the original MacIntosh OS. , Her whimsical personality was essential to the infectiously budding culture and lore of the early Macintosh team, and infused into the product. She was awarded the Chrysler Design Award in October 2001, which is a prestigious award for innovation and achievement in various disciplines of design.  She introduced Jobs to her design hero Paul Rand and hired him to design NeXT's logo and brand identity, admiring his table-pounding exactitude and confidence. She graduated summa cum laude with a B.A. Now Playing: Susan Powell vanishes while her husband says he went camping with sons: Part 1 Now Playing: Josh Powell kills himself, young sons in an explosion: Part 2 in Art from Mount Holyoke College in 1975 and received her Ph.D from New York University in 1978. She graduated with a B.A. With the World Redesigned, What Role for Designers. She received a M.A.  The team's GUI elements such as the Lasso, the Grabber, and the Paint Bucket became universal staples of computing.  She intended to bring "an artist's sensibility to a world that had been the exclusive domain of engineers and programmers" and "hoped to help counter the stereotypical image of computers as cold and intimidating".  She later reflected that her "ideal life would be to make art full-time" but that sculpture was too solitary.  Compelled to actually join the team for a fixed-length part time job, she interviewed "totally green" but undaunted, bringing a variety of typography books from the Palo Alto public library to show her interest alongside her well-prepared notebook.  She focuses on simplicity in creating visual metaphors for computer commands. ... She was often referred to as a "muse" for her husband, but what many people might not know is that F. Scott actually stole excerpts from her diary, word for word. She graduated from Mount Holyoke Collage and received MA and Ph.D. degrees from New York University.  On the Mac keyboard, her concept for the command symbol was taken from the Saint Hannes cross, which is a symbol for a place of cultural interest used by Scandinavians of the 1960s such as at Swedish campgrounds. (Susan Kare, Wikipedia), Susan received a call from a high school friend, Andy Hertzfeld, asking her to join Apple Computer Inc. She was the Creative Director for Apple from 1982-1985. " She said "good icons should function somewhat like traffic signs—simple symbols with few extraneous details, which makes them more universal" and notes that there is no impetus to continuously modernize a stop sign. Susan Kare explains where the command key came from at Bloomberg Businessweek Design. , In 1997, I.D. In 2007, Susan was brought on to Facebook to design “gifts” that could be purchased for a dollar.  When stuck on a design, she resourced inspiration from the books Kanji Pictograms for its table of the real-world origins of Japanese characters, and Symbol Sourcebook, especially its reference for hobo graffiti. Cherry bomb, anyone?  This includes an icon of scissors for the "cut" command, a finger for "paste", and a paintbrush for MacPaint. , Since the late 1980s, she uses Adobe Photoshop and Adobe Illustrator using a grid-like template to simulate the constraints of the target device and user experience. , I like to think that good icons are instantly recognizable—even if someone's never seen it, you can ask them what it does, and they get it—or it's so easy to remember that if someone tells you what it is once, it's easy to remember when you look at it. I was awed by being able to collaborate with such creative, capable and dedicated engineers.  As an early pioneer of pixel art and of the graphical computer interface, she has been celebrated as one of the most significant technologists of the modern world. Kare was born in Ithaca, New York. magazine launched its I.D. Her original cult classic icons include Clarus the Dogcow seen in the print dialog box, the Happy Mac icon of the smiling computer that welcomes users at system startup, and the Command key symbol on Apple keyboards. Susan Kare (/ˈsuːzən ˈkɛər/; born February 5, 1954) is an American artist and graphic designer best known for her interface elements and typeface contributions to the first Apple Macintosh from 1983 to 1986. ( Log Out / For example, her original fonts are constrained to 9 × 7 pixels per character, yet she solved the problem of the typical jagged look of existing monospaced computer typefaces by using only horizontal, vertical, or 45-degree lines.  However, she had no experience in computer graphics and "didn't know the first thing about designing a typeface" or pixel art so she drew heavily upon her fine art experience in mosaics, needlepoint, and pointillism.  Using the same philosophy through the pixel art era and beyond, she has placed a "premium on context and metaphor", hunting the streets of San Francisco for inspiration from "catchy symbols and shapes". The Museum of Art in New York began featuring her designs on stationary and notebooks. (Susan Kare, Wikipedia). Although she has become quite successful and has the power to have a staff do most of the busy work for her, Kare would rather be doing the work than promoting. Currently, she is a partner in Susan Kare LLP, creative director for Chumby Industries, Inc. and co-founder for Glam.com.  Designing for the fullest range of users from novice to expert, she believes that the most meaningful icons are instantly easy to both understand and remember. In 1987, she designed a "baroque" wallpaper, numerous other icons, and design elements for Windows 3.0, using isometric 3D and 16 dithered colors.  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