[54], Smith said that the angel returned the plates to him in September 1828. [82] Tension increased until July 1833, when non-Mormons forcibly evicted the Mormons and destroyed their property. [99] After a warrant was issued for Smith's arrest on a charge of banking fraud, Smith and Rigdon fled Kirtland for Missouri in January 1838.[100]. [204] Young, whom Emma feared and despised, was suspicious of her desire to preserve the family's assets from inclusion with those of the church, and thought she would be even more troublesome because she openly opposed plural marriage. Joseph Smith, the founder and ... Born in Vermont in 1805, Smith claimed in 1823 that he had been visited by a Christian angel named Moroni who spoke to … Smith was then released on a writ of habeas corpus from the Nauvoo municipal court. Rigdon's followers had also been practicing a form of communalism, which Smith adopted, calling it the United Order. Meanwhile Brigham Young, the president of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, rose to prominence when he organized the move of about 14,000 Mormon refugees to Illinois and eastern Iowa. He also told associates that he was capable of reading and translating them. [130] The charter granted the city virtual autonomy, authorized a university, and granted Nauvoo habeas corpus power—which allowed Smith to fend off extradition to Missouri. [255] Smith moved away from formal written revelations spoken in God's voice, and instead taught more in sermons, conversations, and letters. [121], Smith bore his imprisonment stoically. [197] In 1841, Don Carlos, who had been born a year earlier, died of malaria. [41] Smith and Emma eloped and married on January 18, 1827, after which the couple began boarding with Smith's parents in Manchester. Later revelations dealt primarily with the priesthood, endowment, and exaltation. [291][292] Although the church had publicly repudiated polygamy, in 1837 there was a rift between Smith and Oliver Cowdery over the issue. Term ended by removal of apostleship; was later excommunicated. [259] Nevertheless, spirits could not experience a "fullness of joy" unless joined with corporeal bodies, according to Smith. [81], In Jackson County, existing Missouri residents resented the Mormon newcomers for both political and religious reasons. Until the 1840s, however, Smith's accounts of the vision were largely unknown to most Mormons,[31] and Smith himself may have originally considered it a personal conversion. [267], In Smith's view, the opportunity to achieve exaltation extended to all humanity; those who died with no opportunity to accept saving ordinances could achieve exaltation by accepting them in the afterlife through proxy ordinances performed on their behalf. [212] It is organized as a compilation of smaller books, each named after its main named narrator or a prominent leader. In probable reference to this period of flight, Smith said that Peter, James, and John had appeared to him and had ordained him and Cowdery to a higher priesthood. He was also being accused by Assistant President of the Church Oliver Cowdery[92] of engaging in a sexual relationship with a teenage servant in his home, Fanny Alger. [86] Nevertheless, Zion's Camp transformed Mormon leadership, and many future church leaders came from among the participants. Smith said he experienced a series of visions, including one in 1820 during which he saw "two personages" (presumably God the Father and Jesus Christ), and another in 1823 in which an angel directed him to a buried book of golden plates inscribed with a Judeo-Christian history of an ancient American civilization. Smith considered the U.S. Constitution, and especially the Bill of Rights, to be inspired by God and "the [Latter Day] Saints' best and perhaps only defense. [313], Smith declared that he would be one of the instruments in fulfilling Nebuchadnezzar's statue vision in the Book of Daniel: that secular government would be destroyed without "sword or gun", and would be replaced with a "theodemocratic" Kingdom of God. "[305] He believed a strong central government was crucial to the nation's well-being, and thought democracy better than tyranny—although he also taught that a theocratic monarchy was the ideal form of government. For instance, in the early 1830s, he temporarily instituted a form of religious communism, called the United Order, that required Latter Day Saints to give all their property to the church, which was divided among the faithful. [51], However, by June 1828, Harris began having doubts about the project, fueled in part by his wife's skepticism. [149] In March 1844 — following a dispute with a federal bureaucrat — Smith organized the secret Council of Fifty. [225] Sometimes, Smith concealed the process by raising a curtain or dictating from another room, while at other times he dictated in full view of witnesses while the plates lay covered on the table. [264] Through the gradual acquisition of knowledge, according to Smith, those who received exaltation could eventually become like God. [75], Converts poured into Kirtland. [309] Initially he opposed it, but during the mid-1830s when the Mormons were settling in Missouri (a slave state), Smith cautiously justified slavery in an anti-abolitionist essay. [230], Smith said that in June 1830, he received a "revelation of Moses" in which Moses saw "the world and the ends thereof" and asked God questions about the purpose of creation and man's relationship to God. 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Her marriage to their wives conference, Smith dictated the Book of Mormon be... ] he was 24, Smith 's plural wives were between the ages of and! Revelations were immediately copied, and was described as a compilation of smaller books each. Organized the secret Council of Fifty and hated by his detractors before out! Power of sealing followers had also been practicing a form of communalism, which Smith sporadically.

when was joseph smith born

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